For some people, enjoying a glass of their favorite alcoholic drink or cocktail is a simple pleasure in life. Even celebrating a major milestone (birthday, bachelor/bachelorette party) or just partying with friends every now and then by getting a little too drunk is seen as a normal part of life for those in their 20’s and 30’s.

Individuals all have their own reasons for drinking, whether it’s to improve their mood and confidence or because they want to experience the depressive and sedative effects of alcohol. Regardless of the motivation, alcohol can be a crippling addiction for some and can get out of control very quickly. Understanding what makes alcohol addictive can shed light on why people use it and help identify dependence or abuse early on.

Alcohol is the most commonly used addictive drug in America and over 17 million people fall under the categories of alcohol dependence or chronic abuse. Binge drinking, commonly seen among college-aged demographic, fosters behaviors that can develop into alcoholism later in life as well.

Alcoholism is a difficult problem to address because the signs and symptoms can be difficult to identify or can be hidden all-together. Finding a way to help someone you know who abuses alcohol can be challenging because people drink for different reasons — both physical and psychological addictive factors are at play.

Addictive Factors of Alcohol

Alcoholism is the addiction to alcohol or the mental illness and compulsive behavior resulting from an addiction to alcohol. One of the biggest questions surrounding alcoholism is, “how do people get addicted to alcohol?” The simple, unscientific answer is because it makes people feel good.

When people drink alcohol, their brains are stimulated to release dopamine and endorphins, which are the chemicals associated with pleasure, satisfaction and natural painkillers. Genetic factors make some individuals more susceptible to developing alcohol dependency (or worse), which is based on the amount of those pleasure chemicals that are released when drinking.

When the brain’s pleasure center is overloaded, an individual can develop cravings and addiction in order to continue feeling that way.

 what makes alcohol addictive

Motivating Factors of Alcohol

While individuals may love the way alcohol makes them feel, the driving factors behind why people drink are different. Stress, self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and other negative emotions are some of the most prevalent reasons why individuals turn to alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant, which means it can help inhibit the feelings of stress and anxiety, which can lead to higher self-esteem, relaxation, and mental numbness/forgetfulness.

Whether drinking is motivated by a negative feeling that may stem from a job, financial situations, personal relationships or other mental disorders, many individuals turn to alcohol to suppress the negative feelings and emotions. Knowing the answer to, “how does alcoholism start?” can help many individuals avoid putting themselves (or identifying loved ones) in situations that lead to abuse and addiction.

Why do people become alcoholics? Well, it is important to remember that alcoholism is an addiction, which means that people lose control over the choice and become a victim to their impulses and cravings. Individuals turn to alcohol as a coping mechanism for various issues and problems that they face in their daily lives. As mentioned above, the positive emotions and suppressive properties of alcohol are what individuals who suffer from alcoholism seek and ultimately abuse.

Seeking Help Is the Answer

There is no set timeline or number of drinks to define an answer for how long does it take to become an alcoholic because each individual is different — physically and mentally. But if you or a loved one feel a dependence or abusive relationship with alcohol, seeking help early is important.

At United Recovery, we are here to help, so give us a call today or email us today!